Ovulation – what we need to know about it
All about ovulation
Ovulation is a natural phenomenon in which the egg comes out of the ovary and falls into the fallopian tube due to the bursting of a dominant follicle. The biological meaning of ovulation is the release of an ovum from a follicle to be fertilized and subsequently transported through the reproductive tract.
It occurs 14 days before the onset of the menstrual cycle. If the cycle lasts 28 days, ovulation in a woman will occur on the 14th day. Deviations are possible, but they are within normal limits.
The actual process of the egg being released from the follicle takes no more than an hour. It then falls into the fallopian tube and retains its ability to be fertilized for one day.
The period when the chance of getting pregnant is greatest is called the ovulation period. It has no fixed duration.
Conventionally, the female menstrual cycle is divided into 3 phases. Ovulation is one of them. It is preceded by pre-ovulation and followed by post-ovulation, also known as the luteal phase.
When the egg is not fertilized, it dies in the fallopian tube within 24 hours. It disintegrates and is absorbed by the lining of the uterus.
Calculation of ovulation
There are various methods of calculating ovulation.
- Counting days. With it, you need to take into account the fact that ovulation occurs 14 days before the beginning of the menstrual cycle. If your cycle lasts 30 days, then ovulation will occur on day 16-17 after it ends.With a short menstrual cycle of 22 days, ovulation usually occurs between days 8-11. With a long cycle – 35 days, ovulation occurs between day 21-24.
- Saliva test. It is done in the morning before you have consumed both water and food. You can buy such a test from the pharmacy. It is a special strip and is easy to use.
- Measure the temperature of the vagina (basal temperature). This popular way of calculating ovulation is done while you are at rest, even before you have got out of bed. A simple thermometer is needed, which is inserted into the vaginal opening. During ovulation, the temperature in this part of the body rises by about a degree, reaching over 37 degrees.To definitively record the rise in body temperature, you need to take measurements over several consecutive days.
- Determination by cervical swab. With this method of calculating ovulation, you can find out if it has occurred. An increase in the secretion is noticed around the third day before and the day after ovulation. It is more transparent and more slimy.
- Urine test – resembles the pregnancy test. It is bought from the pharmacy and is put for 20 seconds in urine. Wait a few minutes to see the result.
This is one of the most accurate ways to determine ovulation. It is based on the reading of the level of luteinizing hormone LH in the urine. The rise in the level of estrogen in the female body just before ovulation causes the so-called ovulatory peak of the LH hormone.
For an optimal result, this test should be done on several consecutive days in the middle of the cycle. The aim is to track when the LH hormone level is at its highest. The bright second bar on the test means that ovulation will occur in the next 16 to 28 hours.
An easy and convenient way to calculate ovulation is offered by modern ovulation calculators.
Symptoms and signs of ovulation
Objectively speaking, a woman cannot feel the moment of ovulation. However, when this process takes place, a slight bloody spotting may be observed, as well as a slight pain near the ovaries.
Other characteristic symptoms that a woman feels immediately before ovulation include:
- Breast tightness due to the rise in estrogen levels,
- the presence of cervical mucus in the vagina, which has no smell and colour (appears between 10-14 days of the cycle),
- overexcitability (you feel a burst of energy and desire to actively do something, you do not get tired),
- hypersensitivity (both in terms of mood and vagina), etc.
How long does ovulation pain last
Painful sensations during ovulation are due to the rupture of the egg from the follicle. Then there are mild cramps in the fallopian tubes that mark its movement. Sharp pain may be felt at the very beginning, then it becomes dull and dull. Usually the painful sensations range from a few hours to a few days.
How to relieve ovulation pain
There are several ways to dull the pain and eliminate the discomfort.
- It is imperative to drink enough water (7-8 glasses of water daily). Dehydration intensifies the painful sensations.
- A warm bath is another natural remedy that brings relief. Its effective alternative are warming pillows.
- As soon as you notice the onset of ovulation pain, you can take a prescription painkiller.
- Sometimes severe ovulation pain can be avoided by taking contraceptives. Be sure to consult a doctor before choosing this option.
Lack of ovulation
The presence of regular menstruation does not mean that a woman is ovulating. It has been found that almost 1/3 of infertility cases are caused by lack of ovulation.
It is usually diagnosed by a doctor after you have been trying to get pregnant for a long time, but it has never happened.
It is due to disturbances in ovarian function, pituitary gland or else some other problem. It can be provoked by taking contraceptives, stress, polycystic ovaries, high testosterone level, etc.
It may also be irregular ovulation.
Herbs for ovulation
In folk medicine, the intake of certain herbs helps stimulate a woman’s reproductive system. You can consume tea and decoction of salvia, licorice, gorse, plantain, sage, avram tree and yarrow.
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