Baby at 21-24 months

At this age, you realize how quickly your child has grown up. You are one step away from completing the second year. And up until a year ago, he might not even be walking on his own yet. Now you see how much he knows and can do. From a little person who can’t talk, you are now having conversations daily and getting to know each other better.

Daily routine

Your child continues to eat 4 times a day, every 3.5-4 hours. Sleeps 11-12 hours at night. The main task for parents is to help establish a clear regimen for the child’s day. He should know that there are rules and that they must be followed.

If earlier you complied with reducing the number of meals and naps, now it is time to get used to a regime that will remain unchanged for a long time.

If your child cannot fall asleep at the appointed hour or has been eating without appetite, try following a set regime. This will contribute to his well-being.

Skills

In conversation with you, your child will utter well-constructed and connected sentences. These consist not only of nouns but also of verbs that are perfectly clear to him. Games are becoming more complex – there is now a logical link and a storyline in them.

At the same time, the child becomes even more mobile. He wants to run, jump, swing, he can even independently get dressed to go for a walk. What greater joy than that!

By their second year, children remain intensely curious about the world around them. They happily discover new things every day. They take note of their observations about the world and want to share them. In addition, things begin to have weight as well as shape. For example, a child will not dare to pick up something if it seems to him that it is too heavy. He may even try to unload it to make it lighter.

Norms for height and weight

A child’s weight increases on average by 1-2 kilograms. Growth goes not by days, but by hours. This is familiar to you from infancy. In height, a child can grow 9-12 cm. We advise you to provide enough physical activity every day.

Play time

The inquisitiveness of children at this age is amazing. They find literally everything interesting. They can be outside for hours and still have things to catch their eye. They are constantly on the move, touching, looking, staring, trying things on.

If you give them a complicated toy, they are likely to take it apart and look at the parts with interest for a long time.

Children who will soon be 2 years old are interested in toys that move. For example, a train that moves on railway tracks, a car with remote control, a moving toy dog, etc.

Others get excited about wooden horses that they enjoy swinging on. Creative-minded children will play with musical instruments. Constructors, cubes, details and complex mechanisms are still topical. Be sure to check how small the toy parts are. There is still a risk of ingestion.

Tips

At this age, it is not excluded that the child’s whims have become a daily routine for parents. In general, he may scream, cry and try in every way to attract attention to himself. There may be outbursts of emotions that are justified, but there are often cases of hysterics, because of which parents pluck their hair. In such moments, which seem rather long and agonizing, it is advisable to try to understand the child’s motive.

It is not impossible that he is simply overtired and then fussing is observed. He may be crying because he is hungry. Believe me, the explanation for hysterical moments is quite elementary in most cases. It is more complicated to understand the child when he has harbored his discontent for a long time.

Sometimes children also cry for no apparent reason. On careful analysis one finds out where the root cause lies. It is not impossible that even you behaved like this as children.

Do not rule out the possibility that your child has a nervous system that is easily overexcited. In the end, it may simply be a case of trying to attract attention to yourself. When the child doesn’t know how to express it otherwise, hysterics are the most accessible alternative.

By all means cross these moments promptly. In this line of thought, it is always better to restrain the tears in time rather than soothe the child afterwards. Try not to forbid absolutely everything. This type of strictness gives rise to protest in the child. Hence emotionally intense moments become more frequent.

If you have missed the moment and the child is already crying, try to calm him down. Distract him. How? Through a favourite activity, a toy, an unusual item, etc. If that doesn’t help, let the child cry. Be calm – this will show him that everything is all right and that such behaviour does not make you “fall to your knees”. Otherwise, he will start to “blackmail” you through his tears. If you stick to this recommendation, you will notice how the child only wants to be quieter and calmer.

After a moment of hysterics, don’t start lecturing on how he should behave in public. At this age, children do not yet clearly understand your reasoning. Your verbosity confuses them. The key to success is to be an example of calm and order.

If your child is in the group of those who often go into hysterics, use ignoring tactics. Simply ignore the screaming and crying, the rattling and aggression. This way, your child will understand that you will not respond to his every outburst of unrestrained emotion. In any case, do not retreat. Otherwise he will learn to manipulate you.

At the end of the month:

  • He says when he feels like going to the bathroom;
  • Quickly learns new words and actions – 10 words a day;
  • Can repeat actions you show him without a problem;
  • Can draw a straight line;
  • Now freely goes up and down stairs without using a parent’s help;
  • Knows cold from hot, much from little, big from small;
  • Dresses and undresses independently;
  • Differentiates between people by gender – girl-boy, grandmother-grandfather;
  • Can jump;
  • Understands what good and bad behavior is.

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