Baby at 12-15 months
Once a child reaches his first year, an important period of his life comes to an end and the stage of early childhood begins. It still retains its baby features and still needs your care and immense love.
The optimal feeding regime during the first months of a child’s second year should be 5 times with 3.5 hour breaks. If the child sleeps twice a day and then has difficulty falling asleep at night time, we advise dropping one of the naps. In the usual case there is a transition period where the child sleeps once or twice, with a tendency towards dropping the second sleep.
If you are wondering how long an over one year old should sleep, this is determined by your little one’s needs. Ideally, sleep should be no shorter than 2 hours. In the evening, put your child to bed before 10pm. Keep in mind that dropping one off to sleep means you need to fill the child’s time with interesting activities and physical activities.
During the first year of life, a child is actively learning about the world around them and learning to understand it. In the second, this skill of his is perfected. He begins to walk without support and support and to explain his desires more clearly. His gait and movements may not be quite confident, but it’s a matter of time before he runs and you can’t catch him on the playground. It is typical for children of this age to walk with their legs wide open.
If you’ve actively talked to your child and read them stories before, it’s quite possible that they have developed speech. These activities are very important for vocabulary development and mental development. Although he may not yet understand the meaning of the story you are reading to him, try to communicate with your child regularly. Describe pictures in a book, tell him what is happening on the street, etc.
Height and weight standards
In the first trimester of the second year, the child will not gain much weight, and no serious growth in height is expected. If he is active, sleeping well, eating and interested in the world around him, this is a sign that his development is proceeding normally.
At this stage all the calories taken in are expended in play. Hence the delay in weight gain. On average, in the first three months of the second year, children gain 1-2 kg and grow 2-3 cm.
Time to play
Your offspring is no longer crawling, but walking and is literally ready to break everything in its path. This is a natural behaviour as the world around him seems extremely interesting and the analysis of objects is continuous. Make sure you pick up valuables on high.
At this age, it is helpful to have the child engaged with toys that are assembled and disassembled. Let them be made of sturdy material. Activities with rings, balls and pyramids stimulate finger motor skills, but be careful if your child has access to small objects. You should not underestimate the likelihood of them being swallowed. Always be around the child when playing with these types of toys.
Cubes with different shaped holes and any other toys of this type are also key to a child’s development in the second year. They form logical thinking, create an idea of shape, size, colour etc.
All toys that make strange sounds appeal to the child. If you do not like this noise, it is advisable to orient towards products that make a quieter sound. It is typical during this period that children look for your presence when playing with their toys, but then they start to play and improvise on their own.
- During the first three months of the second year, teeth continue to actively grow. This can be an occasion for whims and tears on the part of the child. If the process is painful, it is necessary to anticipate the “crisis” days and offer on the table mostly soft food.
If the child refuses to eat, do not get stubborn. Listen to his needs and simply reassure him. In a day or two, the child will be in a cheerful mood and full of strength again.
- In the second year, children actively learn to go potty. They are able to express their desire to a “small” or “big” need. In some cases, you have already gotten to know their body language – you see them squat, sit down, etc. Without sudden movements, take the child to the potty and stay with him until he walks out.
The potty must stay in one place in the home so the child doesn’t wander around looking for it. This will stimulate faster habituation.
It is recommended that the child goes to the toilet in great need 1-2 times a day. Often it is the same time of day, which allows you to anticipate what is coming. When the child walks out, lift him off the potty immediately. Otherwise, he may be left with the wrong impression that he can sit there like on a highchair.
On the other hand, if nothing is done, avoiding prolonged sitting is advisable, as otherwise you risk negatively affecting the rectum. It is desirable not to distract the child in the process of passing stool. Do not give him toys – this is not the place for talk and games.
We also advise against using the potty as a place for punishment. Nothing should be forced. In the usual case, by the 18th month of life the child is already using the pot independently. If he manages to hold himself while you put him on the pot, be sure to praise him.
It is still early for a child to eat the way his parents do. Often there are a lot of sweet, salty and spicy foods on the adults’ table. They are not suitable for his needs. Breastfeeding can continue after the first year of age, but as a supplement to the diet. If the child is hyperactive or has trouble falling asleep, you can breastfeed him before sleep.
The most useful snack is porridge with vegetable supplements or fruit porridge. Lunch should consist of two courses and for dessert give fruit. Children at this age need a lot of protein. We advise offering meat and fish regularly, alternating between the two.
Fresh fruit and vegetables must be on the menu. Give yoghurt between main meals. As the child is now physically active for hours on end, their food should contain carbohydrates. However, these should not come from sweets and chocolates. At best, it comes to wholemeal bread, pasta, potatoes. They contain complex carbohydrates.
If the child does not get enough energy from food, stunting of his growth is observed. Sausages, frankfurters, sweets and chocolate products up to 3 years of age of the child it is desirable to be sparsely present in his menu.
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